Putting a dog under anesthesia: does that have to be?

Putting a dog under anesthesia: does that have to be?

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If your dog is due to undergo major medical intervention, anesthesia is often used to protect the animal from pain. But especially with old or sick four-legged friends, this can involve serious risks, which in the worst case can even be fatal. So does anesthesia really have to be? Inhalation anesthesia is relatively safe for your dog - Shutterstock / sima

With the word anesthesia, many dog ​​owners are afraid of risks, perhaps even of the dog's death. However, this type of anesthesia is used for the benefit of the animal - whereby careful observation by the veterinarian is common. The veterinarian also carefully examines your dog before anesthesia to calculate exactly how much anesthetic he needs to dose so that he can operate the animal successfully and it will recover as quickly as possible afterwards.

What are the advantages of anesthesia?

Anesthesia cancels the function of nerve cells for a limited period of time. The dog feels no pain, he is relaxed and literally in deep sleep. In addition to these effects, however, the agent administered also affects the brain, gastrointestinal tract, breathing, heart and body temperature. If the dosage is correct and the preparation for surgery and anesthesia was optimal, the risk of damage to the organs is very low.

Overall, it can be said that anesthesia, known as anesthesia, benefits the dog. The stress that the animal would otherwise be exposed to during treatment would make the procedure difficult or even impossible and also negatively affect the healing process.

Anesthesia in dogs

In order to prepare the dog gently for the procedure and anesthesia, he should come to the vet sober. Otherwise there is a risk that the animal will vomit and suffocate during the anesthetic. Your dog will then be given premedication shortly before the operation, which will shut down the circulation and sedate the animal. The anesthetic is then administered - either in the form of an injection or by inhaling an anesthetic gas. While the injection method is mainly used for short interventions, inhalation is usually used for longer or more painful interventions.

So that the dog's condition can be assessed during anesthesia, its vital signs are constantly monitored. In addition to the heart rate and blood pressure, the oxygen content in the blood and breath is also considered. If there are complications, the veterinarian can intervene with a ventilation device available and support the dog.

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Advantages and disadvantages

The main advantage of injection anesthesia is its comparatively low price. However, this method almost always carries more risks of complications than inhalation anesthesia. In addition, dogs that wake up from anesthesia for injection take much longer to get back in shape than animals after inhalation anesthesia.

Anesthesia by inhalation is also significantly less risk for the dog. The gas and additional oxygen are supplied to the animal through a tube that is pushed into the animal's trachea. The anesthesia can be well controlled and stopped at any time. In addition, the anesthetic is not broken down via the organs, but purely via the breath, which is gentler for the four-legged friend - not only when waking up. However, before each procedure, discuss with your veterinarian which method is best for your dog.

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