Ear diseases are diverse and can lead to serious complications if left untreated. A regular ear check on your dog is therefore essential once or twice a week. Problems with the ears are easy to find.
Ear infections caused by bacteria, mites, etc.
The most common ear diseases in dogs include ear infections. Both the outer ear and the inner or middle ear can be affected. Since an ear infection often occurs in conjunction with itching, frequent scratching of the dog's sick ear can be a first indication of an infection. This can be caused by bacteria and viruses, by mites or ticks. Depending on the cause of the disease, the ear may be red or swollen, and may have a yellowish or brownish discharge.
Puppy ears are particularly sensitive to mites
Puppies in particular often suffer from ear diseases caused by mites. The mites cause an allergic reaction in the ear, so that the dog's ears can catch fire as it progresses. This is extremely painful for the dog. In order to recognize the infection as soon as possible, you should pay attention to unusual behavior. Vigorous shaking of the head or constant scratching of the ear are common signs that something is wrong.
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Chronic ear infection due to allergies
If an ear infection does not completely heal or recurs, there may be an allergy behind it. In addition to food components, pollen, mold or dust are also triggers of this hypersensitivity of the immune system. Together with the vet, try to find out what substances your dog is reacting to. Once you have found the cause, changing your feed or appropriate medication can help to alleviate ear diseases.
Ear disorder: blood ear
Another ear disease that often occurs is the so-called blood ear, a bruise on the dog's ear. This can be the result of an ear infection. Because if the dog scratches and rubs its ear, the vibrations can tear small blood vessels. If the blood collects in the cartilage or between the cartilage layer and the skin, there is a bloody swelling in the ear. An ear of blood can also result from injuries while playing or bite wounds and must be removed by the doctor through surgery.
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Which dog breeds are particularly prone to ear diseases?
Ear diseases in dogs mostly occur in breeds with long, drooping ears or when the ear canals are very hairy. The ears are not adequately ventilated and infections develop more quickly. Often suffer from:
● Wirehaired terrier
● hunting dogs
● Basset hounds
● German shepherds
● Bernese Mountain Dogs
● St. Bernard
● Cocker Spaniel
Symptoms of dog ear diseases
If you notice that your dog scratches the ear frequently, that the ears are red or swollen, or discover an increased discharge in the ear, you should definitely consult a veterinarian and have the symptoms clarified.