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Break away dog collar

Break away dog collar


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Break away dog collar, as needed, to make sure that the two ends of the leash do not overlap. This is important for the first 15 to 20 days of trning, when the dog is still learning to walk without pulling the leash. Do not trn during inclement weather, such as cold, rn or snow.

Teach your dog to walk up the steps of the str gate and through the gate using "come." Instruct your dog to come up the steps and through the gate as you say "go." The most effective way to teach your dog to walk up the steps is to start by teaching him "come." If he comes up and pulls, you immediately stop him and use the "turn around" command to help him get his head turned around to the back. Then teach him to come through the gate, prsing him as you tell him "go" as he does so.

Remember to keep your dog on-leash when outside until he is consistently walking calmly and reliably on a leash. Only then can you consider taking him to the next level of trning.

## Trning on-leash for the first time

Before you take your dog off-leash for the first time, take him to an open area where he will not encounter distractions and let him run around for a while, using only the leash to keep him under control. It will take some practice to teach your dog to walk properly on-leash, but be patient. Once he learns to walk comfortably on-leash for you, he will be ready for off-leash trning.

In addition to the following basic trning techniques, you will also need to provide a collar with a trning ID tag imprinted with your family name, the word "control" and your phone number. You can find trning ID tags online, but you can also make your own using inexpensive materials, avlable at hobby or craft stores.

### Make the first trip the easiest

Before taking your dog off-leash for the first time, choose a trning session at an area where you can go strght to your vehicle. Ideally, the area should have room to walk at least part of the way on a dirt or grass trl. If there is a dirt trl in the area, it will be easier to teach your dog that all his walking should be done on-leash.

### Let your dog be comfortable

Before taking your dog off-leash, make sure he feels comfortable, and then put him in a comfortable, quiet place to awt your return. You want your dog to not only trust you, but also to be prepared to walk on-leash all the way to the gate. As soon as you hear your car approaching, go back to your dog, walk him up to the gate and open it. Prse your dog as you tell him "go" and prse him agn as he comes through the gate. If you want to use a treat to reward your dog for getting through the gate, now is a good time.

### Start small and work up

Take your dog out on-leash one day a week for about ten minutes, gradually increasing the amount of time as your dog seems to accept the experience. If your dog is not ready for off-leash practice, set a time later that week to start with just a brief part of his walk.

### Know the limitations

If you live in a neighborhood with narrow streets, it is impossible for your dog to off-leash or run free as long as there is a car parked in the road in front of you. Likewise, be sure to read your dog's behavior and learn what he is capable of. Is he capable of turning in a complete circle or does he need to go a few steps before turning around? If he needs to go a few steps, teach him to walk in a strght line to the gate by giving him the command "Come here."

# Chapter 15

How to Prevent Dog Biting

The best protection for your dog is learning how to communicate effectively with others, including your children. As you learn this method, you may find that your dog reacts more negatively to children, but don't despr. Your dog will make the necessary adjustments as you continue to be calm and firm with him. It is important to be firm, even when your child is being aggressive, because a child's mouth can be much harder to get ahold of than that of an adult.

## Have your dog at least a year old before expecting him to behave well

If you have a young puppy, you may feel that he needs to learn how to behave properly, but in reality, puppies don't know any better than to behave aggressively toward people. It is the parent dog that is learning from the puppy. By the time a dog is five or six years old, he has learned to control his aggressive impulses and learn good manners from his family.

It is very important for a dog to learn how to behave, especially around children. If you see a dog biting a child, you can be sure that the dog is reacting to some aggressive impulse from the child. Children are natural prey animals and learn to bite as they become older. The first time your dog bites a child, it is natural that you will have a bad reaction to the situation. Remember that this is not an attack from your dog. This is simply a defensive bite to get away from a perceived threat. At this point, do not lose your composure, do not yell at the child, and do not punish the child. Instead, calmly get your dog out of the situation as quickly as possible. There will be time later for you to discuss what happened.

The mn reason a dog bites a child is to prevent the child from harming him. Although a young puppy is a good-sized dog when compared with a child, the puppy thinks the child is a bigger threat. As the dog matures, he will learn how to deal with and control his instinct to bite.

**THE ANATOMY OF A BITE**

**_When a Dog Bites_**

**1.** The first thing a dog does in the presence of an enemy is to "stare." That is the most intimidating act a dog can make. The first thing a child does in the presence of a dog is to "bark." The dog's stare will make the child more compliant, so the dog will move his body toward the child. Then the dog will take a step or two toward the child, who will retreat. At this point the dog will not be able to "get to" the child and may give up, move away, and look at the owner for direction.

**2.** The dog has "gazed down" the child and is evaluating what will happen next. Will the child come to meet him? Run? Fight? Retreat? If the dog thinks the child is going to fight, he may view it as a challenge to be met without the use of his formidable teeth.

**3.** The dog has gauged the distance between himself and the child. If he can get the child at this point, he will, and he will "give" or bite the child.

**4.** The child was the aggressor and did not back off or get up when the dog made his move. The child was in a position of vulnerability. But he can stand up to the dog and become a threat to him. The dog is not interested in the child's defense, which in this case is simply a show of strength, but wants to know who is the stronger. In the dog's mind, the child is not a threat. If he bites, he will usually get the dog


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